Showing posts from June, 2008

Earn money with Widget Bucks

Widget Bucks fea pay-per-click shopping widgets that help our customers make money fast. They instantly display the most popular products based on buying trends of 100 million shoppers. Thus they are
highly engaging, which means instant dollars for our customers. Our widgets see $3-$6 CPM — pretty good compared to traditional ad networks that deliver less than $2 CPM
started withWidgetBucksaround 2 month ago.
On my first 2 weeks with the program I didn't get any clicks, I was pretty disappointed and I was thinking about taking the ads off my blogs but then I changed my mind because I had them only for 2 weeks and I think that to be successful you have to keep trying so I changed the ads placement and on the 3rd week I got 3 clicks and with just 3 clicks I made $1.50 which I think is pretty good. With google adsense most of the time with 3 click I make like 0.15 cents.
So since then I have been getting more clicks every week and each click make me between 0.45 and 0.55 cents.
I think t…

Residence and domicile

A pie chart showing the projected constituents of UK taxation receipts for the tax year 2008-2009, according to the 2008 Budget.
UK source income is generally subject to UK taxation no matter the citizenship nor the place of residence of the individual nor the place of registration of the company.
For individuals this means the UK income tax liability of one who is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the UK is limited to any tax deducted at source on UK income, together with tax on income from a trade or profession carried on through a permanent establishment in the UK and tax on rental income from UK real estate.
Individuals who are both resident and domiciled in the UK are additionally liable to taxation on their worldwide income and gains. For individuals resident but not domiciled in the UK, foreign income and gains are taxed on the remittance basis, that is to say, only income and gains remitted to the UK are taxed (for such people the UK is sometimes called a tax haven).

UK competition law

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"Making markets work well for consumers" is the purpose of UK competition law
United Kingdom competition law is affected by both British and European elements. The Competition Act 1998 and the Enterprise Act 2002 are the most important statutes for cases with a purely national dimension. However if the effect of a business' conduct would reach across borders, the European Union has competence to deal with the problems, and exclusively EU law would apply. Even so, the section 59 of the Competition Act 1998 provides that UK rules are to be applied in line with European jurisprudence. Like all competition law, that in the UK has three main tasks.
• prohibiting agreements or practices that restrict free trading and competition between business entities. This includes in particular the repression of cartels.
• banning abusive behaviour by a firm dominating a market, or anti-com…


Federal taxes are collected by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), formerly known as "Revenue Canada" or the "Canada Customs and Revenue Agency".
Under "Tax Collection Agreements", CRA collects and remits to the provinces:
• Provincial personal income taxes on behalf of all provinces except Quebec, so that individuals outside of Quebec file only one set of tax forms each year for their federal and provincial income taxes.
• Corporate taxes on behalf of all provinces except Quebec and Alberta.
• Provincial sales taxes in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Ministère du revenu du Québec collects the GST in Quebec on behalf of the federal government, and remits it to Ottawa.
When the Canadian federation was formed in 1867, the British North America Act attempted to create a federal government with unlimited revenue gathering abilities. The federal government was entrusted with the high cost programs of the time, most …

Corporate law

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Corporate law (also corporations law or company law) refers to the law establishing separate legal entities known as the company or corporation and governs the most prevalent legal models for firms, for instance limited companies (Ltd or Pty Ltd), publicly limited companies (plc) or incorporated businesses (Inc.).
In the U.K., corporate law is a subset of companies law, and in the U.S., it is often viewed (at least for teaching purposes) as part of the law of business associations. In each case, corporations are distinguished from a wider spectrum of organizational forms, such as partnerships, trusts, unincorporated associations, guilds or sole proprietorships.
Technically, a company (in the U.S., a corporation) is a juristic person or legal entity which has a separate legal identity from its shareholding members, and is ordinarily incorporated to undertake commercial business. Although some jurisdictions refer to unincorpo…

Tax education from law schools

Tax education from law schools
In law schools, "tax law" is a sub-discipline and area of specialist study. Tax law specialists are often employed in consultative roles, and may also be involved in litigation. Many U.S. law schools require about 30 semester credit hours of required courses and approximately 60 hours or more of electives. Law students pick and choose available courses on which to focus before graduation with the J.D. degree in the United States. This freedom allows law students to take many tax courses such as federal taxation, estate and gift tax, and estates and successions before completing the Juris Doctor and taking the bar exam in a particular U.S. state.
There are many fine LLM or Masters in Laws Graduate programs currently being offered in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Netherlands etc. Many of these programs offer the opportunity to focus on domestic and international taxation. In the United States most LLM programs require that the candi…

Tax History

The first federal statutes imposing the legal obligation to pay a federal income tax
were adopted by Congress in 1861 and 1862 to pay for the Civil War. The 1862 law levied a 3% tax on incomes above $800, rising to 5% for incomes above $10,000. Rates were raised in 1864. This income tax was repealed in 1872, but a new income tax statute was enacted as part of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act in 1894.[4]
The United States Constitution specified Congress could impose a "direct" tax only if it was apportioned among the states according to each state's census population.[5] In its 1895 decision the Supreme Court held in the case of Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. that a tax on income from property (a tax on interest, dividends or rent) was a direct tax under the Constitution, and so had to be apportioned.
The apportionment requirement made income taxes on property practically impossible, and Congress did not want to limit the income tax solely to a tax on wages. There…